Summanus: Celebrating Jupiter’s Forgotten Dark “Twin”

The temple of Summanus was constructed somewhere in the vicinity of the Circus Maximus

Summanus, the now nearly forgotten Roman god of night lightning once boasted a reputation more prominent than that of Jupiter.

The Vestalia: Celebrating Vesta and Purifying Rome


The goddess Vesta protected Rome, earning an annual festival in her honour which purified both her shrine and the city of Rome.