Woodrow Wilson’s America 100 Years Ago

Children of silk workers in Paterson, New Jersey, May 1913. Library of Congress photo. Part of the Bain Collection.

In 1913 the American nation was in a period of transition. Wilson’s America was characterized by great wealth disparity, deplorable working conditions, and an influx of immigrants, many coming from non-traditional regions. Suffragettes marched, fighting for the right to vote, and restaurant workers staged a walkout in New York. One hundred years later the nation is still divided between post-modernists and the social purists who yearn for a simpler past.

War Hawks Span the Centuries

This painting depicts the HMS Shannon closing on the American frigate Chesapeake. Painting by R. Dodd, 1813, courtesy of U.S. Library of Congress.

Virginia Congressman John Randolph coined the term war hawk to refer to those in favor of going to war with Britain at the beginning of the 19th century. The term “war hawks” is still used today to characterize those advocating war as an appropriate response in conflict situations.