Frances Harper: She wasn’t only a teacher, talented speaker and writer – she also fought for women’s rights, and was an Underground Railroad conductor.
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper was an American feminist and poet – as well as an extremely influential Underground Railroad agent during the Civil War times.
In 1913 the American nation was in a period of transition. Wilson’s America was characterized by great wealth disparity, deplorable working conditions, and an influx of immigrants, many coming from non-traditional regions. Suffragettes marched, fighting for the right to vote, and restaurant workers staged a walkout in New York. One hundred years later the nation is still divided between post-modernists and the social purists who yearn for a simpler past.
There have been times in American history when legislation so enraged its citizens that old political alliances were shattered and new political alignments produced new parties. The Kansas-Nebraska Act is one example.
Virginia Congressman John Randolph coined the term war hawk to refer to those in favor of going to war with Britain at the beginning of the 19th century. The term “war hawks” is still used today to characterize those advocating war as an appropriate response in conflict situations.